Sparger Pipe

Saifilter Sparger Pipe is an industrial device used to introduce gases into liquids, facilitating aeration or gas dispersion in processes like fermentation, bioreactors, or chemical reactions. The Porous Sparger, in particular, offers superior distribution and smaller bubble formation, increasing the efficiency of gas-to-liquid contact. By releasing fine bubbles into the liquid, sparger pipes enhance mass transfer rates, ensuring efficient mixing and interaction between the gas and the liquid.



  • Length: 5” to 40”
  • Porosity: 15-45 %
  • Pressure: <45 Mpa
  • Micron Rating: 0.1- 60μm 
  • Standard Diameters: 0.5”, 1”, 2”
  • Connection: tri-clamp, BSP/NPT thread, straight tube, flange, and sanitary connections, barb
  • Body Material: 316L stainless steel (standard), Nickel 200, Monel® 400, Inconel® 600, Hastelloy® C-22/C-276/X and Alloy 20.Operating 
  • Temp: temperatures as high as 1450℉(787℃)under oxidizing conditions. 


Based on the type of gas introduced:

  • Oxygen Sparger Tube
  • Nitrogen Sparger Pipe
  • Carbon Dioxide Sparger Tube
  • Argon Sparger Tube
  • Sparger Pipes for Other Gases

Based on shape or design:

  • Straight Sparger Pipe
  • U-shaped Sparger Pipe
  • Coiled Sparger Pipe
  • Sparger Pipes of Unique or Special Shapes

Porous sparger pipe in bioreactors 


 Spagger tube with threaded connection 


  • The bubbles are tiny and uniform, with a high dissolution efficiency
  • Hygienic design and production according to hygienic standards
  • It can be custom-designed and manufactured according to your specific application, such as size, material, and opening connection type.
  • The standard material is SS316L, and other high-quality alloy materials Inconel® 600, and Hastelloy® C-276 are available.
  • The Saifilter standard sparger pipes are compatible with most bioreactors, fermenters, and chemical reactors.
  • It can be cleaned and reused regularly, using physical scrubbing or chemical solutions for cleaning.


  • Efficient Mass Transfer: Sparger pipes enhance the dissolution of gases into liquids by producing fine bubbles, which results in a higher surface area for efficient mass transfer.
  • Uniform Distribution: Properly designed spargers ensure even distribution of gas throughout the liquid medium, leading to consistent results in processes.
  • Versatility: They can be custom-designed to suit a variety of applications and operational conditions, such as different temperatures, pressures, and chemical environments.
  • Durable Materials: Often made from corrosion-resistant materials like stainless steel, sparger pipes have a long service life, especially in aggressive process conditions.
  • Cost-Effective: By improving process efficiency and reducing the need for frequent replacements due to their durability, sparger pipes can lead to significant cost savings in the long run.
  • Easy Integration: Sparger pipes can be designed to fit seamlessly into reactors, tanks, or other vessels, ensuring they do not interfere with other operations.
  • Enhanced Gas Utilization: Due to the effective dispersion of fine bubbles, there's efficient utilization of gases, which reduces wastage.
  • Improved Product Quality: Uniform gas distribution often translates to consistent product quality, especially crucial in industries like pharmaceuticals, food processing, and fermentation.
  • Reduction in Maintenance: Designed with minimal moving parts and constructed from robust materials, sparger pipes often require less maintenance than other gas introduction systems.
  • Environmentally Friendly: By ensuring optimal gas utilization and minimizing wastage, sparger pipes can contribute to more sustainable and environmentally friendly industrial processes.

In summary, Sparger Pipes offer an amalgamation of efficiency, versatility, and durability, making them indispensable in many industrial applications where gas-liquid interactions are pivotal.


Sparger Pipe OEM Configuration

Saifilter In-tank sparging pipe applications can be used in batch or continuous operations, with or without stirring in the vessel. Saifilter Sparger Pipes offer performance-proven designs to ensure optimal process operation.

Saifilter sparger pipes can be arranged in a variety of ways at the bottom of tanks and vessels. For smaller tanks, one sparger pipe will suffice. For larger tanks, we can combine multiple Saifilter sparger pipes together in linear or radial mode to achieve optimal gas diffusion.

Considerations for Acquiring an OEM Special Sparger Pipe

When looking to purchase a custom or Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) specialized sparger tube or pipe, it's essential to be mindful of several pivotal aspects to guarantee its optimum functionality. Key points to remember include:

  1. Material Selection: Ensure the sparger material is congruent with the surrounding process conditions like temperature, pressure, and chemical compatibility. Popular choices include stainless steel and other anti-corrosion alloys, but the final choice should be based on the process specifics.
  2. Size and Dimensions: Pay attention to the sparger's length, diameter, and wall thickness. The measurements should be in line with the unique requirements of your setup.
  3. Permeability: For sintered metal spargers, permeability is vital as it influences bubble size and dispersion. It's crucial to verify the required permeability to facilitate efficient mass transfer.
  4. Porosity and Pore Size: These factors directly dictate the gas-liquid interaction. Smaller pores produce tinier bubbles, which are typically more effective for mass transfer.
  5. Design and Configuration: The design and layout of the sparger should be harmonious with the reactor or vessel it's meant for. This includes considerations like the sparger's shape, type of connection, and any additional elements such as flanges or mounts.
  6. Cleaning and Maintenance: Think about the maintenance demands of the sparger. Certain models might necessitate unique cleaning methods to prevent blockages or contamination.
  7. Quality Assurance: It's imperative to collaborate with an OEM provider who maintains a rigorous quality assurance protocol. This ensures the sparger aligns with all stipulated design and performance criteria.
  8. Regulatory Compliance: In specific sectors like pharmaceuticals and food processing, spargers have to adhere to certain regulatory benchmarks. Make sure your OEM vendor can furnish the requisite documentation and certifications.

Oxygen sparger tube in chemical reactors  


Oxygen sparger tube element


  • Aeration: Introducing air to meet the Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) in a waste stream.
  • Agitation: Injecting air to mix liquids in a container.
  • Chlorine Bleaching: Using chlorine sparging to bleach pulp in the pulp and paper industry.
  • Column Flotation: Employing air sparging for solid separation processes like coal flotation, where bubbles attach to solid particles to facilitate their removal.
  • Dewatering: Using nitrogen sparging to remove entrapped water from machine oil.
  • Fermentation: Stimulating cell growth in the fermentation process through oxygen or air sparging.
  • Gas/Liquid Reactions: Enhancing chemical reaction performance by injecting gases like air or oxygen into the reactor.
  • Hydrogenation: Utilizing hydrogen sparging for various chemical hydrogenation reactions.
  • Oil Flotation: Applying air or natural gas sparging to separate oil from produced water in oil well operations.
  • Oxygen Stripping: Using nitrogen sparging to remove oxygen from substances like edible oil, wine, and juice to prevent oxidation.
  • Oxygenation: Significantly boosting fish growth in aquaculture through oxygen spraying.
  • Ozonation: Disinfecting ultrapure water systems in pharmaceutical plants using ozone sparging.
  • PH Control: Adjusting the pH of wastewater or process fluids by injecting CO2 or NH3.
  • Steam Injection: Employing direct steam injection for efficient heating and eliminating "steam hammer" effects.
  • Volatile Stripping: Using air sparging to remove volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from waste liquids, contributing to environmental protection and pollution control.

Relevant Products

The bubbles are small and uniform, and the dissolution efficiency is high. Hygienic design and production according to hygienic standards.

Learn More

Custom venturi connections for efficient pulse backflush and long operating life.

Learn More

Typically used in applications such as bioreactors or gas mixing reaction systems. Available in a variety of standard and custom sizes.

Learn More

A Sparger Pipe is a device used in industries to inject gases, like air or steam, into liquids. It has small holes or slots that create bubbles in the liquid, improving processes such as mixing, aeration, and chemical reactions.

Sparger Pipes are primarily used in industries such as chemical, pharmaceutical, and food processing for the purpose of introducing gases, typically air or steam, into a liquid. They are widely employed in processes like fermentation, wastewater treatment, and chemical reactions to facilitate efficient mass transfer of gases into the liquid phase.

Sparger Pipes work by injecting gases into a liquid stream through small holes or slots in the pipe. The high-velocity gas stream creates turbulence and fine bubbles within the liquid, maximizing the surface area for gas-liquid interaction. This promotes the dissolution of gases into liquid, essential for various industrial processes, including aeration and chemical reactions.

Proper maintenance is crucial for the optimal performance of Sparger Pipes:

Regular Inspection: Inspect the sparger pipes and associated components for signs of wear, corrosion, or clogging.

Cleaning: Periodically clean the pipes to remove deposits that can impede gas flow.

Replacement: Replace damaged or worn-out parts promptly to avoid process disruptions.

Pressure and Flow Monitoring: Regularly monitor gas pressure and flow rates to ensure consistent performance.

Safety Checks: Maintain safety protocols, such as checking for gas leaks and ensuring adequate ventilation.

Sparger Pipes are versatile but not universally applicable. The suitability depends on the specific process and the compatibility of the materials involved. It's essential to consider factors like the corrosiveness of the liquid, the chemical compatibility of materials, and the required gas-liquid interaction. Consulting with a process engineer or specialist is recommended to determine the appropriateness of Sparger Pipes for your specific application.


    Scroll to Top